In 1936, it was made the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the Soviet Union.
Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The beginning of the 18th century marked the zenith of the Kazakh Khanate.
Speed dating aimaty
Political disunion, tribal rivalries, and the diminishing importance of overland trade routes between East and West weakened the Kazakh Khanate.
Khiva Khanate used this opportunity and annexed Mangyshlak Peninsula.
At its height the Khanate would rule parts of Central Asia and control Cumania.
By the early 17th century, the Kazakh Khanate was struggling with the impact of tribal rivalries, which had effectively divided the population into the Great, Middle and Little (or Small) hordes (jüz).
Uzbek rule there lasted two centuries until the Russian arrival.